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Tibet lies on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of the southwest border of China. The average height of the whole region is more than 4,000 meters above sea level, for which Tibet is known as "Roof of the World". The highest peak of Tibet, also the highest in Himalayas and in the whole world, is Everest Peak, which is as high as 8,846.27 meters above sea level.
Although a part of China, Tibet has a unique culture of all there own. It is mainly inhabited by Tibetans, a minority nationality of old and mysterious people. Tourist attractions include the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Jokhang Temple, and a number of Buddhist sacred places.
Tibet (Xi Zang in Chinese) is to the south of Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qing Hai Province, to the west of Sichuan, to the northwest of Yunnan and to the north of India and Nepal. Its population of 2.3 million people come from a variety of ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han, Monba and Lhota. Its capital city is Lhasa.
Northwest Tibet, mainly Qing Hai plateau, is home to a variety of unusual and unique animals. Across the northern expanse of Tibet, you can see vast grasslands where horses, yak and sheep roam freely. The world’s lowest valley, the Grand Yarlun-tzanpo River Valley lies in east Tibet.
Nearly all Tibetans follow Tibetan Buddhism, known as Lamaism, with the exception of approximately 2,000 followers of Islam and 600 of Catholicism. Tibetan Buddhism was greatly influenced by Indian Buddhism in its early time, but after years of evolution, Tibetan Buddhism has developed its own distinctive qualities and practices. A well-known example is the belief that there is a Living Buddha, who is the reincarnation of the first, a belief alien to Chinese Buddhism.
It is freezing cold in most time of the year. Most tourists come to visit Tibet only in the warmest seasons, June, July, August and early September.
Top 1 Potala Palace 布達拉宮
The Potala Palace is considered to be a model of Tibetan architecture. In 641, Songtsan Gambo, ruler of the Tubo Kingdom, had the Potala Palace built for Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty, his future bride.
Top 2 Mount Everest 珠穆朗瑪峰
As the supreme point of the world, the mountain top is covered with snow all the year round, and when the glaring sun comes out, the peak becomes very pure and beautiful.
Top 3 Jokhang Temple 大昭寺
Jokhang Temple, located on Barkhor Square in Lhasa, is Tibet's first Buddhist temple and is part of the Potala Palace. It is the ultimate pilgrimage destination for Tibetan pilgrims.
Top 4 Namtso Lake 納木措
Namtso, or Lake Nam, is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet Autonomous Region and should not be missed by any traveler to Tibet. In Tibetan, Namtso means "Heavenly Lake." It is famous for its high altitude and imposing scenery.
Top 5 Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon 雅魯藏布大峽谷
The Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon is one of the deepest and longest canyons in the world. The canyon is home to many animals and plants barely explored and affected by human influence, while its climate ranges from subtropical to Arctic.
Top 6 Former site of Guge 古格王國
Guge was an ancient kingdom founded by a branch of descendents of the last king of a unified Tibet in the 10th century. It flourished for more than 700 years before encountering civil strife and foreign attacks and falling into disrepair. Now, visitors can see its ruins of temples and palaces, whose inscriptions, statues and murals still remain intact.
Top 7 Midui Glacier 米堆冰川
Midui Glacier, located in Yupu Township, is the lowest altitude above sea level in the world. It was ranked by China National Geography Magazine as one of the top six most beautiful glaciers in China.The glacier passes through four distinct regions: snow-capped mountains, forests, lakes and villages and temples. It looks as if Nature's hand itself had taken up a brush to paint a splashed-ink landscape.
Top 8 Tashilhunpo Monastery 紮什倫布寺
Tashilhunpo Monastery, founded in 1447 by the First Dalai Lama, is one of the Big Six Monasteries of the Gelug sect of Buddhism in Tibet.
Top 9 Barkhor 八廓
The streets are full of religious atmosphere and show the original Lhasa. Shops offer prayer wheels, chubas (traditional Tibetan clothing), Tibetan knives and religious articles for sale.
Top 10 Yambajan 羊八井
Yambajan is famous for its wide range of hot springs, from ones with the highest temperatures in the country to boiling geysers. The hot springs in Yambajan contain various minerals and are believed to be therapeutic.
The Tibetan plateau is a quarter of China. Much of it is extremely remote and inhospitable. Its southern border runs through the world's highest mountain range, the formidable Himalayas.
Its central part is a windswept and freezing wilderness the size of Western Europe.
But this challenging place is home to incredible wildlife. There are more large creatures here than anywhere else in China.
Tibet has been a province of China for more than 50 years, yet it has a unique character, shaped by over 1,000 years of Tibetan Buddhism.
This obscure and archaic-looking religion has produced one of the most enlightened cultures on earth.
Here, people have a long tradition of co-existing peacefully with the creatures and landscape around them, a relationship which has helped to protect their fragile environment. 在這裏人們與自然界和諧相處的悠久傳統，促進了對脆弱自然環☉境的保護。
In this programme we will discover why this harsh land with its ancient culture is vitally important for much of our planet.
It's the beginning of winter, high up on the Tibetan plateau.
The temperature will soon drop to minus 40 Celsius.
Out here,life is reduced to a single imperative - survival. For the argali, the world's largest sheep, it means searching for a few tufts of grass.
Descending from the hilltops to lower altitudes, the argali band together for safety.
Hopefully, down here,they'll be able to find enough food to last them through the rest of the winter.
Although this winter landscape looks barren and forbidding, Tibet's remote grasslands support a surprising variety of creatures.
Though at this time of year, they can be hard to track down.
By comparison, Tibet's capital, Lhasa, is a hive of activity.
Lhasa is a focus for large numbers of pilgrims who congregate at the city's temples each day.
Tibet is home to over two and a half million people, most of whom are deeply religious.
Though Tibetan Buddhist worship centres on elaborate temples, statues and images, its beliefs are intimately linked with the wild landscapes of Tibet.
The starting point for that relationship is the mountain range that runs along Tibet's southern border.